following is a mini-cue rundown of Korngold's score to "The
Prince and the
Pauper." Unfortunately, I did not have sufficient time
every cue of this fully orchestrated score held at the Warner
at USC, so my analysis will be limited(hence the term
rundown). The film stars Errol Flynn as the dashing soldier of
Hendon. Claude Rains plays the rather villanous Earl of
Alan Hale as the Captain of the Guard. The score was
principally by Hugo Friedhofer, but Milan Roder
several cues as well.
& THE PAUPER
Erich Wolfgang Korngold
Title" Reel 1, pt 1. Poco Maestoso in 2/4 time. 6 pp.,
Key signature of E major(4 sharps).[Note: Of course, for
instruments, the sharps are augmented, so that the clarinets
trumpets have 6 sharps, English horn has 5 sharps].
3 flutes(piccolo doubling), oboe, English Horn, 2
bass clarinet, bassoon, contra bassoon, 4 horns, 3 tpts, Pos,
gong, snare drum, piatti, 2 harps, piano, celeste, 8
violins I, 6
violins II, 4 viole I, 2 viole II, 4 VC I, 2 VC II, 2 CB.
In Bar 1,
flute II and oboe are sfp on sforzando-marked B(b'')half
to(Bar 2, now C time)8th. Fl III and E> H> play b'. Vibe
b'-b'' half notes(notated like a fingered trem). Bells
strike the b'
and b'' quarter notes. Most prominently, the divisi
sfp rinforzando( > symbol above the note)bowed trem half
notes on B an
octave apart(b' & b'')crescendo( < ).
quarter and dotted 8th rest, the violas/celli begin to play
Main Title motif(Prince & Pauper motif, or King/royalty
play on b(just below its middle C line located on the
middle line of
its standard alto clef, while VC I play on the
"K" or "F" tenor clef, while VC II play on the standard
bass clef on
the B(b)16th. The unison horns & tpts also play the melody
So we find B
16th in the grace bar up to(Bar 1)E tenuto quarter.
The harps here
strum mf the E maj quarter note chord(actual notes
wavy line rolled chord), followed by a
The horns/tpts/viole/VC continue the melody line from
that E up to B
tenuto quarter notes to the combined F# Dom 7/11(added
quarter note chord(F#/A#/C#/E/B). The harp is
quarter notes on it(actual notes B/C#/E/F#/A#/C#/F#/A#).
B/C#/E/B. Viole play sf on E/F#/A#/C#, etc. Leading up to
I/E H/vlns I play a rising flourish figure of three 32nds
"5" quintuplet 32nd notes E-F#-G#-A-B to the A# 8th
line continues with the F# maj(F#/A#/C#)16th sforzando
play it sustained on A#/C#/F#)to(Bar 3)the E maj 1st
of the vlns)quarter note chord(horns are sustained
on it as half
notes tied to dotted quarter notes)down to the E maj root
note chord down to its 2nd inversion
quarter note chord. Etc.
In Bar 3, harp
II is rising and falling glissandi on the 2nd & 3rd
piano is descending arpeggiando quarter note chords.
rising running figures of "7" then "8" then
:41(end of the first bar on page 4), the vlns & celli
melody line development(Vlns I = Line 3, II = Line 2, VC =
register)of C# to D 8ths marcato to(next bar)four tenuto E
to(next bar)E quarter to D-C# 8ths to B tenuto quarter to
to(next bar)three E quarter notes to F rinforzando quarter
quarter to D#/C# 8ths, etc. At :53(start of page 5),
violins(largely within Line 3 register0play p a series of
chords of B/E/B up to C#/F#/C# back to(next bar) B/E/B to
altri vlns play ponticello bowed trem the same note
Solo viola plays quarter notes E-B-A#-F#, etc. Three other
violas play it
bowed trem pont. Two lowest violaas play bowed trem pont
half notes G#
to F# to(next bar)G# to G, etc. Harp I plucks quarter
e')up to B, A# down to F# to(next bar)G# down to E down to B
up to E, etc.
Harp II is arpeggiando on the 1st & 3rd beats. Clar I
quarter notes E up to B, etc. Bass clar is pp playing
notes "quasi sub-tone."
of page 60flute I/EH/celeste play the melody fragment
of E half note
to 8ths D#-E to F# dotted 8th to D# 16th(all four notes
connected by a
crossbeam)to(next bar)E half, etc. Here the clar I and
over the melody line p espr.
The cue ends
with the three celli on E/B/G# whole notes held
are bowed trem on G#/B whole notes held fermata. Six
vlns play G#/B(b')bowed trem whole notes p. Flutes play
notes, pp. After a half rest, 8 violins play p
notes bowed trem, held fermata. The celeste and harmonics
harp I play G#/B.
Prince Is Born" Reel 1 pt 2. Allegro in 2/2 time. Scene:
"It's a boy!" is exclaimed as prince Edward Tudor of Wales
play the announcement fanfare sf with the C
note triad tied to 8ths, down to the C maj 1st
8th chord(both 8th chords tied by a crossbeam)to new
figure of Bb
maj 2nd inv(F/Bb/D)staccato 8th chord to the B maj 2nd
chord, etc. The triangle rings on the first two
harp is gliss forte mf on the 4th beat, and the snare drum
At the end of
Bar 3, the vlns/viole play a 32nd note run forte of
to(Bar 4) the E maj(E/G#/B)half note chord ff tied to
woodwind play the A quarter to(Bar 4)the E maj combined
sound. Also in
Bar 4, three horns join in the fanfare. Harp is
E maj(actual notes E/G#/B, E/G#/B). Woodwind play a
on Ab maj(Ab/C/Eb)in Bar 7, etc. In Bar 10, the celebration
forte quarter sforzando notes B to A, B to A, repeated next
few bars. Vlns
& viole(with flutes)are bowed tremolo half note chords B
inv(F#/B/D#/F#)to G min(actual notes G#/B/D#/G#), repeated next
few bars. Harp
I and celeste are arpeggiando on those chords. Etc etc.
"Tavern & Palace" Reel 1/3. Scene: First the screen
but cuts to the Pauper baby, Tom Canty. Music starts with
proclamation: "He will be king!" Cue ends with the
29-33(when the King says, "You drink sparingly, my good
pity, because losing one's head from wine is so much less
than losing it
from treason."). Here the flutes & strings play(in 4/4
time)the G maj
2nd inv(D/G/B)dotted half note chord to the D
dotted 8th chord(followed by a 16th rest), cres-desc(
< > ).
Repeat in Bar 29. Specifically, 6 vlns I play it Line 3
2 notation by with the 8va ottava symbol above the
vlns II in the staff below play it Line 2 register. Viole
1(middle C)register; VC play it G(G)/D(d)/B(b); CB plays the
In Bar 36,
vlns play it as root position G maj(G/B/D)half note
chord down to
the F/A half note dyad. Repeat next bar. Then
whole notes in Bar 32 tied to next bar, held
semi-circle and enclosed dot symbol above the notes).
Viole I staff
play the D whole note tied to next bar. Repeat next two
fermata). Viole II staff play G/B to F/A half note dyads. VC
D(d')whole note tied to next bar, then repeated(as in Viole I).
VC II play D/G
to A half notes, etc. CB play G/g to D/d half note
horns ! & II are unison pp on D whole note tied in Bars
Then you hear
for the first time the "treason" motif(which is heard
later in the
"Biscuit & Seal" cue when the Earl of Hertford--played by
Rains--is present in the scene). Basically it is a three-note
pattern of the
trill of two 8th notes to a quarter note.
surrogate mother of the King's child is seen, the vlns & viole
play a 32nd
note run figure cres < f(notes E/F/G/A, B/C#/D/E)to(Bar
42)the rinf D
min 1st inv(F/A/D/F)quarter note chord to the rinf C maj
inv(G/C/E)quarter note chord. Then the fls/obs/cls are trill on the
As the King is
with the baby(commenting on how the weight of
make Edward wish we was born a pauper rather than a
royalty(Prince & Pauper)theme is delicately played(presence
innocent baby)by the quasi sub-tone clarinets, the staccato notes
of the harp,
the cleste arpeggiando, strings bowed trem ponticello.
Later on page
16(piu mosso misterioso)you see the pauper baby and
dad. The pauper father's theme is played(see next cue).
mother of the child soothes the baby(page 18)as you hear
violin play the triplet value D quarter note to two C 16ths(all
under the "3" bracket triplet value)to three triplet value
notes(followed by a half rest). Altri strings play half note
"Tom" Energico in C time. Reel 1/4. Scene: Tom's cruel dad.
when he says, "I'll knock them royal ideas out of your
horns/vlns/viole play the odd, halting or syncopated phrase
16ths. We find the horns playing rinforzando G 8th in the
to(Bar 1)G 16th staccato(followed by a 16th rest). Then G 8th
staccato(followed by a 16th rest)to the G 8th again(all four
connected by a crossbeam)to the G#/C# dotted half notes, cres ff.
the F#/B dotted quarter notes. Cymbals sound, and the
plays a five-note ruff. Piano/celli/basses play accentuated
chords on the
1st, 2nd, and 3rd beats. Piano plays C/Eb/F#/G 8th notes
on the 1st
beat, G/Bb/C/D# 8ths on the 2nd beat, then I believe the
dotted quarter note chord on the 3rd beat(followed by an 8th
rest). 12 vlns
and viole play the horns' line. So four top staff
forte lowest G to(Bar 1)G/F# 16ths(followed by a 16th
then finally to the C# dotted quarter note. Etc etc.
"Tom(continuation)" Reel 2/1. Scene: Tom sneaks back home/
steals the book given to Tom by Father Andrew.[Sorry, no added
Bench" Reel 2/2. Scene: Sad Tom a the rainy royal
Prince" Reel 3/1. Scene: The Prince eats and then
visits Dad(the King).
page 13, when the ten year old Edward says "I think I'd
like to play
now!" the flute/ob/bassoons(and I believe the bells)play
melody phrase of staccato 8th notes G up to D down to D
bb(connected by a crossbeam)to next crossbeam figure 8ths of
on the Ab)to(next bar)F up to bb-G-Eb up to the
next figure of
B-G#-C-A. Sordini tpts play tenuto 8th notes positioned
the rhythm. So Ab 8th at the end of that first bar on page
bar)8th rest, then staccato Bb 8th, 8th rest, Ab 8th note,
8th rest, C
8th(followed by an 8th rest).
The piano and
pizz strings also play on that syncopated pattern.
So vlns play
Line 1 register D/Ab and Line 2 D/Ab to(next bar0an 8th
Lines 1 & 2 Eb/Bb, etc. After that two-bar phrase, the oboes
bells(?)are silent, but the clarinet joins in with the flute for the
"Biscuit and Seal" Reel 3/2. Scene: Music starts when Edward
"What was my mother like?" to the King.
When the Royal
Seal is brought to the King in the middle of page
4(Bar 15), the
fls/obs/bassoons/Pos/pno/strings are put on the D# min
signature(six sharps)while the clarinets/tpts/harp are placed on the
min(enharmonic)key sig(six flats). Here the bassoons/harp/piano/CB
play a serious
& sober version of the Main title(King/Royalty motif).
We find the
low C# 16th up to(Bar 15)the F staccato rinf 8th(followed by
an 8th rest)up
to tenuto C# quarter to the B# double-dotted quarter down
to the G# 16th
to(Bar 16)A# to F# tenuto quarter notes down to the C#
"Prince Goes Back" Reel 3/3. Lento misterioso in C time.
King gets ill again, and the Earl of Hertford(Claude Rains)is
out!" as well as Edward. The stgs and cls play a three-note
pattern. Vlns play Bb to middle C trill 8th notes to(Bar
quarter dyad. Repeat. Then in Bar 3, A/D half notes
quarter notes. Viole play it as F-F# to(Bar 2)E(natural). VC
play it as
half arco/half pizz G-G# to(Bar 2)C/G. Cls play G-G# to G.
At the end of
Bar 2, sord horn II plays p cresc Bb-C 8ths to(Bar 3)rinf
D dotted 8th
to D 16th to D-D 8ths(all four notes connected by a
the D quarter tenuto note, desc(followed by a quarter
Meanwhile, the harp plays pp a 32nd note rising run figure in
bar(G-A-Bb-C-D-Eb-F-G-A-Bb-C-D), etc etc.
Captain" Allo moderato in 2/4 time. Reel 4/1. Scene:
The Capatin of
the Guard(Alan Hale)sees Tom Canty. Music seques from
the previous cue.
sounds a F half-diminished 7th(F/Ab/Cb/Eb)8th chord
joins in as well). Then a rapidly ascending
phrase is played by the violins, then joined by the E H in
Bar 2, and by
the flutes in Bar 3. So we find vlns playing lowest Ab
by a 32nd rest)to Bb 32nd to Cb 16th(with 32nd rest)to Db
connected by crossbeams)to next rising figure of D 16th,
etc. Viole etc
play staccato 8th notes, initially col legno("on the
In Bar 4(now
4/4 time)the vlns are bowed trem p on Lines 2 & 3 Ab
The small cymbal sounds, etc.
Boys Go To Play" Reel 4/2. Scene: Edward takes in Tom
Capatin could harm him. Delightful little melody played
first by the
low vlns & viole, then the flute & harp take over(with the
partially)in Bars 4-8.
So we find the
flute playing p "leggiero"(lightly)staccato 8th notes
register A-B-A-D(d'')to(Bar 5)D(d'')quarter to staccato E
by an 8th rest). Then E quarter up to A 8th(followed by an
Then, in Bar 6, A quarter up to D(d''')8th(followed by an
8th rest)to D
quarter down to E(e'')8th(with 8th rest)to(Bar 7)E quarter
to A 8th(8th
rest)to A(a'')quarter down to A(a')8th(with 8th rest)to
next bar's A.
Bassoon I plays the passage thru Bar 5. Strings are pizz
in Bar 5, then
arco in Bar 6, pizz again in Bar 7. The vibe is easily
the half rest in Bar 5, resonating the A/A(a/a')half notes
tied to whole
notes next bar to 8ths in Bar 7. After an 8th & quarter
again as quarters tied to 8ths. The piano plays the E min
that is, E/A/G quarter notes in the bass clef
staff up to
the bass & treble quarter notes A/B/D/E, G/B/D/E, repeated.
"Mirror" Reel 4/3. Scene: Music starts when Edward says "Is
vermin in this?"(referring to Tom's clothes).
On page 15(Bar
57), right after the pretend Prince Edward(Tom in
clothes)says "Don't bother me, my lad!" flute II and piccolo
play descending staccato 8th notes(I believe B-A-G#,
Bar 58, taken over by flute I/cl I/piano. Then, in Bar
59, the vlns
& viole take over, playing initially descending then
notes, joined in Bar 60 by the fl/picc(16th notes)and by the
In Bar 61(page
16)"subito lento," the King/Royalty(M.T.)theme is
played by the
solo horn as D 16th up to(Bar 61)C up to G tenuto quarter
notes to F
double-dotted quarter. then repaet with D 16th to next bar.
Vlns I play fp
the counterpoint melody line of C(c'' and c''')half notes
to 8th notes
B-C-D-B, repeated next bar. Then, in Bar 63, G(g' and
notes F-G-Ab-F. Repeat. Altri stgs play the C maj half note
chord to D dim
to(next bar)C maj to D half dim(D/F/Ab/C). etc.
"Prince Outside The Palace" Reel 4/4. Scene: Edward hides
Seal, and later he is mistaken as the pauper boy and is kicked
out of the
Next Morning" Reel 5/1.
 Reel 5/2.
[Note: missing cue] Scene: Prince runs.
Pauper Goes To The King" Reel 5/3. Scene: Tom is
assumed to be
Prince Edward, even by the King! Sostenuto repeat phrases,
similar to the
Lento piece in the cue "Mirror" Bar 61 on.
Is My Son" Reel 5/4. Scene: King proclaims that his
son will rule,
summoning the court. Then a glorious fanfare is played
for four bars
from Bar 9.
We hear the
tpts proclaiming the A maj 2nd inv(E/A/C#)half note
chord tied to
8ths to the A maj 1st inv(C#/E/A)8th staccato chord, then
new figure of
Bb maj 1st inv(D/F/Bb)8th to the Ab maj 2nd
chord to the G min(G/Bb/D)16th back to(Bar 10)the A maj
2nd inv half
note chord, etc., finally to the A maj root(A/C#/E).
C# 8th to triplet 16ths figure(C# to D-E-F#)to next "7"
16th figure of
A-B-C#-D-E-F#-G# to A 8th, subito p < mf. Vlns play Line
C#/E/A/C# half note chord tied to 8ths, etc. Triangle &
King Is Dead" Reel 6/1.
In Bar 9, when
the King's last words("...to face them all..")is
before he expires, the music is held on the D Dom 7 flat
Vlns play C/D dyad(vln I = D, vl II = C)bowed trem
VC plays Ab/D/F#, horns on F#/C/D, bass clar trill on Ab,
cls trill on
F#/C, oboe trill on A, etc. Then the bassoons/viole are
mosso" playing a rising 32nd note figure up to(Bar 10)the Ab
note. Clar I/bass clar/vlns/VC, after a dotted 16th rest,
rinforzando staccato 32nd C note to rinf D 8th tied to D quarter,
Then a 32nd note descent of the bass clar and celli as
slumps in death.
Dog" Reel 6/2.
Church" Reel 6/3.
[21 A] "Insert"
"Dining Scene" Reel 7/2.
"Dining Scene, cont." Reel 7/3.
Crown" Reel 7/4.
Majesty" Reel 8/1. Scene: Pass the rose water.
"Exit" Reel 8/2. Scene: Think of raising money.
Murder" Reel 8/3. Scene: Murder of Father Andrew by
"Street Scene" Reel 8/4. Court scene, and Miles knocks on
"Cracking Nuts" Reel 8/5.. 1 page. Beggers' scene.
"Pauper's Coronation" Reel 9/1.
"Flirt" Reel 9/ 2.
"Roberry" Reel 10/1.
Knife Fight" Allo in C time. Reel 10/2. Key sig of Ab
flats). Orchestrated by Milan Roder. The cymbal is
fermata. Them 8 vlns, 2 flutes, oboe, clar., bass clarinet
play p the
rising figure of C(c', c'')16ths to 32nd notes D/Eb/F/G/Ab/Bb
to(Bar 2) a
largely pizz dissonant 8th notes(followed by an 8th &
Etc. In Bar 5, when someone cries "Murder!" the vlns
16th note figures of C up to Ab-G-F to next figure of
repeated same bar. Then C-F-Eb-Db, C-Db-C-Bb, Ab-Db-C-Bb,
to(Bar 8)F tenuto quarter note. Etc etc.
10/3. [Note: No cue title. Probably "It's Him!"]
Maid and The Ride" Reel 10/4. Miles takes Edward to
Prayer" Reel 11/1. Scene: Edward utters a slow prayer as
rides to the rescue to save Edward from the sword of an
"Duel" Reel 11/2. Wonderful Korngoldian cue! On page
just before the sword duel commences, the dashing Miles
played twice in fragmented form. Vlns & viole play a rising
"10" figure of small octave and Line 1 register rinforzando
to the truncated Miles motif of C# 8th to B-A
to stand alone G# 8th, followed by an 8th & quarter rest
Harp is rising gliss from Ab leading up to the motif.
stgs add to the motif. In Bar 10, we
hear another run of 32nd notes
to the next Miles motif fragment figure of G 8th
to 16ths F-E
to stand alone D 8th. Then vlns I/viole/VC in Bar 11(2/4
rising "7" figure of 32nd notes C#-D-E-F#-G#-A-B. This
a "10" figure(played by vlns I & II/viole only)of
to next bar(key sig of A maj/F# min or three
"piu allegro," on page 4.
For the next
two bars, we find an acciaccatura to 8th note pattern.
So vlns play
Lines 2 & 3 register E# acciaccatura(grace note)to F# rinf
down an octave to F# staccato 8th, then B# acciaccatura to
staccato 8th down to the C# 8th octave lower, sf. In the next
the pattern, but octave lower than before.
In the next
bar(Bar 14), the soli vilins begin the first of a
pattern of 16th note motion phrases. We find Line 1 register
the first figure(connected by two crossbeams)to next
G#-A-B-G# to(next bar)A-G#-A-F#, G#-F#-G#-E# to(next
G#-A-B-G# to(next bar)A-B-C#-A, B#-C#-D#-B#.
staccato 8th notes with a grace note kicking off each
bar. So E#
acciaccatura to F# 8th down to middle C# 8th up to E# to
C#. In the
next bar, E# grace to F# 8th down to C# up to G# down to C#,
play pizz 8th notes F#-C#-E#-C#, etc. Marimba plays C# 8th
notes on the
2nd & 4th(sub)beats. Flute/oboe/bassoon also play grace to
8th notes. For
example, flute I plays Line 1 E# grace t F# 8th
by an 8th rest)then F# 8th(followed by an 8th rest),
order is reversed in page 9. Here the
take over the rapid 16th note phrase motion figures
while the pizz
vlns & viole play supporting 8th notes emphasizing the
The duel ends
on pages 25-27 with the truncated Miles motif
several times. In Section 32, vlns play Lines 2 & 3 staccato
D 8th to C#-B
16th figure to A tenuto A to(next bar)Eb 8th to D-C 16ths
to Bb quarter
to(next bar)16ths "subito p" tenuto E-D-C#-B, F#-E-D-C#
bar)G-F#-E-D, A--G#-F#-E to(next bar on page 26)Lines 3 & 4 B
8th to 16ths
A-G# to F# tenuto quarter(repeat nxt bar). Then unison
B-A-G#-F# 16ths played 4 X(within two bars)), cres to(next
bar)rinf ff B
8th to A-G# 16ths to F# rinf quarter tied to half
fermata next bar). The tpts are flutter tongued on F# quarter
tied to half
note next bar. Then the strings play a rising 16th note
run figure to
the death punctuation notes in the next four bars. For
I play Line 3 F# down to Line 2 F# 8ths(followed by a
Then in the next bar, c''' down to c'' 8ths(followed by
rest)to next bar's Line 2 F# down to Line 1 F#, C# down to
Line 1 C# 8ths
to next bar's unison Line 1 F# rinforzando 8th.
"Duel, cont." Miles and Edward.
Missing cue, so I have no title.
"Organ" Reel 12/1
# 1" Reel 12/4. Scene: Hurry to get the seal.
# 2" Reel 12/5.
"Epilogue" Reel 13/1.
 "End Title."
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Monday, February 19, 2001, 11:10 am PST
Copyright Bill Wrobel